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Love takes many forms - it is up to you to choose which you wish to express.

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Books

Book Of Secrets

Book Of Secrets
2005 Nautilus Book Award Grand Prize Winner! New York Times Best Seller! Every life is a book of secrets, ready to be opened. The secret of perfect love is found there, along with the secrets...

Creating Sacred Space with Feng Shui

Creating Sacred Space with Feng Shui
ABOUT THE BOOK: Feng Shui is the ancient oriental art of enhancing and harmonizing the flow of energy in your surroundings.  Over the last twenty years, Karen Kingston has pioneered the study...

Soul of Leadership (Hardcover)

Soul of Leadership (Hardcover)
ABOUT THIS BOOK Leadership is the most crucial choice one can make—it is the decision to step out of darkness into the light.      Bestselling author and spiritual guide Deepak Chopra invites...

Super Brain by Deepak Chopra, MD & Rudy Tanzi, MD (Hardcover)

Super Brain by Deepak Chopra, MD & Rudy Tanzi, MD (Hardcover)
Learn about Deepak Chopra and the Chopra Center's Super Brain dietary supplement - Ayurvedic Brain Support NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER Super Brain by Deepak Chopra, MD & Rudy...

Ten Poems to Change Your Life

Ten Poems to Change Your Life
ABOUT THE BOOK: This is a dangerous book. Great poetry calls into question not less than everything. It dares us to break free from the safe strategies of the cautious mind. It opens us to pain...

GOD: A Story of Revelation (Hardcover)

GOD: A Story of Revelation (Hardcover)
“God is an empty term except through the revelations of all the saints, prophets, and mystics of history. They exist to plant the seeds of spirituality as a direct experience rather than a...

Brotherhood - by Deepak & Sanjiv Chopra (Hardcover)

Brotherhood - by Deepak & Sanjiv Chopra (Hardcover)
BROTHERHOOD Dharma, Destiny, and the American Dream DEEPAK & SANJIV CHOPRA   “BROTHERHOOD is an uplifting account of sibling affection and success, and of the promise and infinite...

Joyful Wisdom

Joyful Wisdom
ABOUT THEBOOK: Yongey Mingyur is one of the most celebrated among the new generation of Tibetan meditation masters, whose teachings have touched people of all faiths around the world. His first...

NEW Spiritual Solutions by Deepak Chopra(Hardcover)

NEW Spiritual Solutions by Deepak Chopra(Hardcover)
Spiritual Solutions: Answers to Life's Greatest Challenges ( AUDIOBOOK Available )  "Great advice directly from the master on virtually any subject, it just doesn't get any better...

Events

 
 
 
April 29 2012

In Physics, the Arrow of Time Gets Bent

Category:  SF Gate

By Deepak Chopra, MD and Menas Kafatos, Ph.D., Vice Chancellor of Special Projects and Director, Fletcher Jones Endowed Professor of Computational Physics, Chapman University


Out of sight, and for most people out of mind, the physical world has been vanishing. For over a hundred years quantum theory has shown that the solid objects of the physical world are made of invisible energy clouds. Atoms have no fixed physical properties until they are measured; therefore, it remains to be shown why our world of everyday experience feels solid in the first place. At the same time, other properties we take for granted are dissolving. Einstein described time as dependent on frames of observation. Now it seems that in the world of quantum phenomena it can appear to move backwards.

This is a fascinating topic, and one that raises more questions about things we take for granted. Quantum physicists at the University of Vienna were looking at particles of light that are either entangled or separable. These are technical terms going back to the era of Einstein and Schrodinger. If two particles are entangled, they will exhibit synchronized behavior no matter how far apart they are in space. As soon as one particle is measured, its exact counterpart will show up in the entangled twin state, even if they are far, far away from each other. In other words, this "action at a distance” defies the speed of light. Einstein could not accept the consequences of quantum entanglement, and so he added the word "spooky" to action at a distance.

Yet quantum behavior is frequently spooky, and experiments have validated entanglement very soundly. In a recent article a useful analogy was given. Two entangled particles are like a pair of tumbling dice. If you stop one to see which number comes up, the other dice must show the same number; it has no other choice. If the two dice are separable, then the measurement of one doesn't affect the other. Being separable seems normal to us. We never expect two dice to exactly match. If they did, Las Vegas would go out of business, since chance would disappear.

Now on to time. We expect time to move forward, the so-called arrow of time. Past, present, and future constitute the normal progression of events. For the same reason, cause precedes effect. It would be bizarre to bleed before you cut yourself shaving or to hear a car crash before the two vehicles collided. In the quantum world, however, certain phenomena have arisen known as retro causation, and exactly as it sounds, a future measurement appears as if it is affecting a past event. This would be a form of entanglement that reaches backward in time, a new form of spookiness.

Physics has depended for decades on "thought experiments," where a new concept predicts what will happen before a physical experiment proves or disproves the predicted result. In this case, the Viennese team was working to prove "delayed-choice entanglement swaps." As a thought experiment, this has existed for over a decade. Let us follow the team's description closely:

Four photons, made of two entangled pairs, are produced (think of them as four tumbling dice waiting to be measured). One photon from each pair is sent to a physicist named Victor. He will be assigned the task of measuring them. The two remaining photons are put in separate packages, one sent to a physicist named Alice, the other to a physicist named Bob. The three physicists now have their sealed packages of photons that have not been measured yet.

Victor can choose between two kinds of measurements. If he decides to measure his two photons in a way such that they are forced to be in an entangled state, then Alice's and Bob's two photons also become entangled. But if Victor chooses to measure his particles individually, Alice's and Bob's photons end up in a separable state. This is a point that Einstein was stuck on. He couldn't believe the assertion made by Bohr and Heisenberg that the mere act of measurement by an observer determines where a particle will be. But accepted quantum theory has shown that particles have no physical characteristics until they are measured. For a long time this has been true for position in space. Now it seems that where a particle is in time also depends on measurement.


In Physics, the Arrow of Time Gets Bent
Modern quantum optics allowed the team to delay Victor's choice and measurement with respect to the measurements which Alice and Bob perform on their photons. As the lead author in Vienna describes it, “We found that whether Alice's and Bob's photons are entangled and show quantum correlations or are separable and show classical correlations, can be decided after they have been measured." In layman's terms, what you do today can affect what happened yesterday. Or, perhaps, to put it in better way, the future and the past are entangled, in a way that classical physics could not explain it. The experimenters are working on a quantum scale billions of times smaller than everyday events, and rather than claiming to change the past, they say that their experiment "mimics" the effect of turning time's arrow around.

So no one is saying - yet - that present causes can change past effects. The mystery still remains over how entanglement, defying the speed of light and now the arrow of time, actually relates to the "naive classical world," which is to say, the everyday things we take for granted. Our own bias is for expanding the observer effect more and more, until science accepts that awareness is key to everything. We are making reality through our role as conscious agents. But that's an argument for another day - perhaps yesterday if we get around to it.

Top comments

  • And please let the mystery remain. Because otherwise life isn`t an adventure anymore. Let us al find out for ourselves by experience what is valuable. Good luck with your obsession Deepak!!

    heartphone // 2012-04-29 07:04:41 // //
  • Mysteries don`t become any less mysterious by understanding them; the more we can understand the perceived reality we`ve created for ourselves, the more mysterious it will be. As Einstein put it, `the most incomprehensible thing about the universe is that that it is comprehensible.`

    Gregory // 2012-04-29 19:41:53 // //

 

 

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  • If I change my view of how a past event has affected me then to me that past event takes on a change in reality and also to anyone else aware of how I have changed my energy about it. So in a way have I changed the past? Very interesting post.

    Hypnostrad // 2012-07-28 07:58:02 // //
  • Master Chopra I am waiting for all my life for the magical mystery tour to take off, just the time of departure is not clear to me. I found out that things often are not what they seem to be and that there are underground more things goin on then most people are aware of. Knowledge is Power, and awareness is the key to creating your own destiny. Sherloch Holmes thinks he has solved another mystery. Greetings from the Netherlands.

    tigerlady060462 // 2012-05-07 03:55:08 // //
  • RE: Infinite abundance There is at least one problem with assuming infinite power to all. What happens when wills clash. If there is a god or mechnism that grants prayers or wishes what happens when on person wishes for rain and another prays for sunshine?

    Graham Partis // 2012-05-06 16:31:15 // //
  • If we assume historical past is real and complete then this appears as if the past can be changed or messages can be sent backwards in time (see Ben Schumacher lectures) but if we take a Virtualism (Matthew Raspanti or Brian Whitworth) or VR conjecture variation of Copenhagen interpretation such effects do not require any true reverse causation, but the price is we wind up living in some sort of dream or illusion. This in itself is weird. So it seems weirdness and quantum world still go hand in hand.

    Graham Partis // 2012-05-06 16:27:12 // //
  • The article itself explains how we create our own `reality` and how we can change it. By following our curiosity and living our adventure of discovery we are constantly observing and creating therefore the adventure continues and so does the mystery. Hence infinity. There is no need to fear lack when there is only infinite abundance.

    Janet // 2012-05-05 04:52:48 // //
  • you say time bent, yesterday i took out a car which my husband bought for a month on rent and broke the windshield,scared that no one should come to know i got it repaired immediately,i was more scared because he will now doubt my driving skills.things done but i am still tensed because seeing the windshield carefully one can make out its replaced,what should i do now should i tell my hub what happened yesterday,or should i spend a little more and try to make the windshield look like older

    yoyo // 2012-05-01 23:24:24 // //
  • yesterday is history, tomorrow is ilusion :-)

    Zivka Petrovska // 2012-05-01 06:29:51 // //
  • As for "mumbo jumbo," I`d say the worse kind is coming from the materialists. Superstitious nonsense like the brain can create or originate anything is like thinking a TV set creates the programs we see on it. As for the "anthropocentric view not serving us," I`d say the reductionist/materialist view has never served us on any deep level. I`ve read of these quantum time experiments before and have tried sending messages back in time to myself. No apparent success yet. There are some individuals out there who claim to be able to do this and get it to work. I intuit it can be done and is being done. "As above, so below, as below, so above," as the Hermetic dictum goes.

    Palidan // 2012-04-30 15:54:24 // //
  • To go from a discussion of quantum physics to "We are making reality through our role as conscious agents" is simply asinine. Nothing in any literature on observational effects in quantum physics even remotely mentions "conscious agents". Chopra seems to claiming, with absolutely no supporting evidence, that we are somehow able to go from having an effect by the act of observation to being able to influence quantum mechanics by our will. Stick to the spiritual mumbo jumbo Deepak!

    Haggie // 2012-04-30 15:02:19 // //
  • I agree with your last couple of assertions that summed up this article.

    pathros // 2012-04-30 13:43:57 // //
  • And so it happens that I combined two spirals in such a way that they form the Majorana particle, the one that is its part and its antipart. It has been discovered, just google it. It is the first step towards super quantum computers. Maybe it also will reveal that our brain is a super quantum computer. The first will have to be proven, the second is a given fact to those who already intuitively know this is true, but are not able to prove it. To me it can stay that way. If quantum computers really see daylight, then we can say farewell to the human integrety and we will all have to acknowledge that we are only robots after all....

    heartphone // 2012-04-30 11:06:44 // //
  • I`ve seen a very enlightening video about Albert Einstein, who couldn`t let go of the fact that he had not been able to solve the mystery of the spooky entanglement . Even on his deathbed he was still trying to find the formula. Am not that kind of person. It became his obsession. I surrender to the mystery and let it unfold by itself, being and staying a child, open to that what is and unfolds....

    heartphone // 2012-04-30 10:58:37 // //
  • excellent. thanks deepak :)

    Utashaa Tharyamal // 2012-04-30 10:20:43 // //
  • I knew this was a fascinating article last week ;) Seriously though, it`s a beguiling topic. Thank you.

    California Reiki // 2012-04-30 09:51:31 // //
  • What throws all these musings for a loop is the anthropocentric insistence that an observer has to be aware. Atoms are bumping into each other all the time — they are observing each other, taking measurements and breaking the wave function — they just don`t know it. This idea that we are a conduit for the existence of the Universe is just another attempt at pumping up our self importance and putting ourselves back in the middle of a anthropocentric Universe. This kind of myopic world view has never served us well.

    Cichawoda // 2012-04-30 08:19:23 // //
  • The beauty of this finding is that it is fully compatible with orthodox predictions from the same quantum mechanics that`s been around for almost 90 years. Entanglements going faster than light and backwards in time are predicted by standard quantum theory so it is nice to see orthodox quantum mechanics again validated. Just like the double slit experiment and Bell`s theorem, it is nice to be reminded again that quantum theory violates our common sense. Luckily these backwards in time results can not be used for placing bets at the roulette wheel.

    Stan // 2012-04-30 07:19:01 // //
  • Yes, excellent. You continue to amaze me, Deepak. Thank you from my heart. Namaste.

    Ann Mahoney Leslie // 2012-04-30 00:50:01 // //
  • Miracles can fold time and speed time up. We think of time as just being like a flat line that just keeps going as a constant. But a great book to read that explains otherwise is A Course in Miracles. I personally love the idea of being able to accelerate our time here and potentially change the past which in turn reshapes this current moment. It also states time is for here and now to give us time to learn who we are and that we are one with God and not separate from God. In eternity there is no need for time. Jesus sits at the end of time waiting for our return to oneness with God and all of creation. I can`t wait! This is fantastic!

    Heidi // 2012-04-29 22:21:33 // //
  • Excellent article. Thank you

    Jorge L Anzardo // 2012-04-29 21:43:59 // //
  • Deepak love your "obsessions" and totally happy you can create a life for yourself sharing them with the rest of us.

    MM // 2012-04-29 21:26:25 // //
  • I have heard some of this before, and it is a little far out for me. As a former and sometimes present reader of National Geographic, I couldn`t possibly avoid some quantum theory. And I have also read a little in one of your books. But if the weather is nice, I`m going to do about the same as I did today/yesterday. Go for walks, enjoy life - and hopefully meet at least one of my sons. A cold is brewing - there has been a lot of radiation tonight, and I know that means new health problems and it affects my sleep. Nanotechnology and HAARP, you see. Anyway, I`m not going to worry about that. It was a beautiful spring day today - it was truly wonderful. I don`t know if your quantum theory can explain this, but it actually feels as if I become spring too. So finally I`ve become interested in love again. (No - not you.) So then, I have to rely on God to lead me to the right one.

    Mari Ann // 2012-04-29 19:53:10 // //
  • There is no obsession. Pure science and wisdom. Slowly we starting do discover the truth again. Going back to the beginning, making progress. There is nothing gd in keeping secrets and letting ppl to believe lies and funny stories. This kind of information should be basics and normal for everyone. One day...

    safi // 2012-04-29 19:45:52 // //
  • Mysteries don`t become any less mysterious by understanding them; the more we can understand the perceived reality we`ve created for ourselves, the more mysterious it will be. As Einstein put it, `the most incomprehensible thing about the universe is that that it is comprehensible.`

    Gregory // 2012-04-29 19:41:53 // //
  • And please let the mystery remain. Because otherwise life isn`t an adventure anymore. Let us al find out for ourselves by experience what is valuable. Good luck with your obsession Deepak!!

    heartphone // 2012-04-29 07:04:41 // //